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1. "War and remembrance," Financial Times, 10-11 November, 2012.

2. "Photography into Print," The McCord Museum, McGill University, Montreal, January 25 - February 7, 1982; also Photojournalism, Time-Life Books , 1979; and Vincent Jones, "The Challenge of Photojournalism," I mage , Vol.VI, No.7, September 1957. On the other hand, the relation between the drawing and the photograph was for a time a highly competitive one. Artists said they were able to depict battle scenes cameras without telephoto lenses were unable to capture. The fans of the photograph claimed these drawings lacked objectivity, the artist interposing his personality between event and public. Those on the side of the drawing claimed the photograph was too literal, filled within irrelevant detail. Some publications, like Leslie's Weekly,  published both photographs and illustrations on different pages of the same issue: an artist's rendering of a battle and a photograph of the place it had occurred. See  Stephen Bottomore, "Representing War in the Nineteenth Century," in Filming, faking and propaganda: The origins of the war film, 1897-1902 , doctoral dissertation, Utrecht University, 2007.    

3. Alison Smith(ed.), Watercolour, Tate Publishing, 2011.

4. John Szarkowski, The Photographer's Eye , The Museum of Modern Art, 1966.

5. Peter R. Russell-Jones, "John MacCosh's Photographs", The Photographic Journal , January 1968, pp.25-27. See too Robin Lenman (ed.) The Oxford Companion to the Photograph , OUP, 2005.

6. John McCosh, Sketches in Verse: At Home and Abroad and The War of the Nile in Ten Cantos , James Blackwood & Co., London, 1882. Fermingha were Eurasian mercenaries of mixed Indian-Portuguese stock, the term a pejorative.

7. Jorge Lewinski. The Camera at War, Simon and Schuster, 1978. 8. Pat Hodgson, Early War Photographs , Osprey Publishing Ltd, 1974. 9. Edward Leffingwell, "Empirical Endeavors", Art in America, December 2005. 10. Ulrich Keller, The Ultimate Spectacle: A Visual History of the Crimean War, Gordon and Breach, 2001, p.122. 11. Keller.

12. Keller.

13. Keller.

14. Cited by Helmut and Alison Gerstein in Roger Fenton, photographer of the Crimean War: his photographs and letters from the Crimea, Arno Press 1973.

15. Susan Sontag, Regarding the Pain of Others, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003. This is a notion Ms Sontag might have borrowed from Ulrich Keller.

16. Errol Morris, "The Opinionator," The New York Times: 25 September 2007, 4 October 2007, and 23 October 2007. See too Errol Morris "Play It Again, Sam (Re-enactments, Part One)", The New York Times, 4 April 2008 17. Jim Lewis, "Who's Zooming Who? Errol Morris's Obsessive investigation of a Roger Fenton photograph," Slate, 1 November, 2007;

18. Larry Rohter, "New Doubts Raised Overt Famous War Photo, " The New York Times, 18 August, 2009. The falling soldier's extended arms recalls Goya's El Tres de Mayo (1814). See too Gisele Hannemyr, "Is Robert Capa's Death of a Loyalist Militiaman a fake?" Posted in Media, Photography 1 , 23 July 2009.

19. Lewinski, The Camera at War.

20. Joel Snyder, American Frontiers: the photographs of Timothy H.O'Sullivan, 1867-1874, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1981. William A. Frassanito, Antiem: The Photographic Legacy of America's Bloodiest Day, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1978.

21. Dino A. Brugioni, Photo Fakery: The History and Techniques of Photographic Deception and Manipulation , Brassey's, 1999.

22. Joel Snyder, American Frontiers, also Alan Trachtenberg, "Albums of War: On Reading Civil War Photographs" in Representations, 9, 1985. 23.. Frassanito.

24 . Hodgson, Early War Photographs , pp. 24-25 25. Lewis L. Gould and Richard Greffe, Photojournalist: The Career of Jimmy Hare, University of Texas Press, 1977.

26. R.W.Stallman and E.R.Hagemann (eds.), The War Dispatches of Stephen Crane, New York University Press, 1964.

27. Gould & Greffe, Photojournalist.

28. Hodgson, Early War Photographs.

29. Nassim Nicholas Taleb, The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable, Penguin, 2007.

30. Conversation with Peter Watkins.

31. Douglas Coupland, The New York Times, 11 March 2012.

32. Elizabeth Flock, "New Syria Documentary filmed entirely on iPhone," The Washington Post, 13 March, 2012

33. Caroline Alexander, The War that Killed Achilles: The True Story of Homer's Iliad and the Trojan War , Viking, 2009.




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